Bilberry vs Blueberry
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) is a small shrub growing on hilly heaths and underbush throughout Central and Northern Europe. It grows wild in the Northern European forests and, differently from blueberry, that is a cultivated hybrid of three native American species (V.corymbosum, V. ashei and V. angustifolium), its fruits are not produced in clusters, but only as single, or rarely, twin fruit. Additionally differences between these two berries are the fruit size, as bilberries are smaller and darker than blueberries, and the pulp color.
Bilberry bush with single fruits
Blueberry bush with cluster fruits
Bilberries pulp is blue, that of blueberries is greenish. While bilberries are harder, less juicy and easier to transport than blueberries.
Video on the differences between blueberries and bilberries © 2013 Indena S.p.A.
Bilberry red flesh vs blueberry greenish pulp.
Flesh color and crown differences in bilberries and blueberries
Bilberry just after picking in Sweden
Finally bilberries and blueberries have a different phytochemical profile and anthocyanins content of bilberry fresh fruits is almost 4 times higher in bilberries than in blueberries.
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) HPLC fingerprint
Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) HPLC fingerprint
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